How to Install Asphalt Shingles: 15 Steps (with Pictures)

Put a full shingle up against the cut shingle and nail into place. Repeat this basic pattern, alternating shingles across the roof, working toward the right side, using the chalk line to keep the shingles straight horizontally. Use 4 nails per shingle and 6 nails on the prevailing windward sides of the roof, as wind resistance nailing.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS - Roofing Shingles & Materials

STANDARD NAILING PATTERN: Nail shingles with 4 nails approximately 6 7/8" (174 mm) from bottom of shingle, in nailing area, as shown. Nails must not be exposed. For mansard roofs (21:12 and above), nail a nominal 6" (152 mm) from the bottom of the shingle and hand-seal shingles.

How to Lay Shingles: 11 Steps (with Pictures) - wikiHow

Place nails in the three tab shingles about 3/4 inch (1.8 centimeters) above the cutouts, near where the tab meets the upper part of the shingle. However, make sure that you do not nail into the tar strip. Also place a nail 2 inches from each end of the shingle, in line with the other two. In all, use four nails per 3-tab shingle.

Nailing Patterns -Common Nailing Schedules & Why They Are ...

Shingles- Six roofing nails or staples per shingle. Tab shingles need two nails on each side of the tab; Drywall- Ceiling boards require 1 ¼"drywall screws every 6-8" while wall boards require drywall screws every 6-8" on the seams and 10-12" in the field. Remember, these are just approximations and shouldn't be used as a definite guide.

How to Nail Roofing Shingles | Owens Corning Roofing

Fasten shingles with corrosion-resistant nails. Install the recommended number of nails per shingle. For Duration® Series shingles, Owens Corning recommends using either a 4- or 6-nail fastening pattern depending on the roof's slope and building code requirements. In most cases, 4 nails …

Nailing roof shingles in high-wind zones - Fine Homebuilding

Nail placement varies slightly among brands and styles of shingles. Usually, nails should be placed about 5-5/8 in. above the bottom edge of the shingle and below the seal-down strip. Unfortunately, the placement of the seal-down strip by the manufacturer varies quite a bit, sometimes making it nearly impossible to place nails both 5-5/8 in ...

Make Over Your Roof with Three-Tab Shingles

The 3-tab asphalt shingle, also called a composition shingle or fiberglass shingle, is the most common type of roofing shingle. Other composition shingles, such as architectural and random cutouts, are installed using most of the same techniques. Check with your roofing dealer to learn about any installation differences.

"Asphalt Shingles Roofing - Proper Nailing" by ...

"Asphalt Shingles Roofing - Proper Nailing" by RoofRepair101 More about Roof Installation at: how to properly nail do...

P 2.17 WIND EFFECTS ON ASPHALT SHINGLES

asphalt shingle industry. Today, asphalt shingles can be rated for high wind zones up to 67 m s-1 (150 mph) as a three-second gust. However, there remain problems at the basic level with the design, manufacture, installation, and durability of asphalt shingles. Assessments of asphalt shingle roofs by the authors after hurricanes have

Timberline® HDZ Shingles - NSF International

recommends enhanced nailing pattern which uses 6 nails per shingle (41 nails per declared unit). When installed in low-temperature locations, hand-sealing will be necessary as the self-sealant on the shingle requires sufficient heat to activate, otherwise leading to compromised performance. For hand-sealing, 4 quarter-sized dabs of asphalt plastic

How do I Install Tamko Heritage Shingles? | eHow

Step 4. Cut holes in the shingles to the correct size to fit over the roof and gable vents. Nail down the shingles along the top of the roof for the ridge cap. Use Tamko hip and ridge shingle products for this application. These shingles should be 5 inches wide and run along the top of the roof.

Nail per Shingle: How Many to Use | DoItYourself.com

Standard roof installation requires four nails per shingle. The rationale behind the number is that in most cases four nails are the right number of nails to do a quality job. However, placement of the nails is the most important in any roofing job. A "nail line" is indicated on the shingles and locates the correct places to put nails.

ARCHITECTURAL ASPHALT SHINGLES

asphalt shingles which meets ASTM D1970 For Asphalt Saturated Felt Underlayments Apply the felt when the deck is dry. On roof decks with slopes 4" per foot and greater apply the felt parallel to the eaves lapping each course of the felt over the lower course at least 2". Where ends join, lap the felt 4". If left exposed, the felt may be adversely

Mastering Roof Inspections: Asphalt Composition Shingles ...

"Asphalt composition shingles covering the roof of this home were installed with joints aligned vertically at every other course. This installation method is called 'racking.' Racking is an improper installation method for many shingle types. It is acceptable for some shingle types, and it is the required method for a few shingle types.

Improving the Wind Resistance of Roof Systems: Asphalt ...

damage if asphalt shingles are damaged or removed during a wind storm. A six-nail pattern is provided to improve the performance of the asphalt roof shingle attachment. Hand tabbing of shingles at the rakes, at the ridge/hips, valleys and for the first course of shingles at the eaves reduces the likelihood of asphalt shingle blow off. RATIONALE:

Asphalt Shingles Nailed in a Ladder Pattern, Shingle ...

Asphalt Shingles Nailed in a Ladder Pattern or using the racking method: This article series defines shingle laddering - an installation pattern, and it explains how to identify & evaluate shingles installed in this ladder pattern. The information here describes the various sorts of roof leak, wear, and cosmetic issues caused by shingle laddering as an example of something a bit less than the ...

SECTION 07311 - ASPHALT SHINGLES

Install asphalt shingles by single-strip column or racking method, maintaining uniform exposure. Install full length first course followed by cut second course, repeating alternating pattern in succeeding courses. Basic fastening for most asphalt shingles requires four roofing nails; some asphalt shingles …

Upgrade a Roof with Architectural Shingles - Extreme How To

The Hip & Ridge shingles can be separated into three equal pieces (perforated lines are provided). Each piece bends lengthwise to provide equal exposure on both sides of the ridge. The ridge shingles are nailed 6 inches apart from the exposed butt edge. Every ridge shingle gets two nails, one on …

Asphalt Shingles Photos and Premium High Res Pictures ...

Find the perfect Asphalt Shingles stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Select from premium Asphalt Shingles of the highest quality.

Consumer's Guide to Code-Compliant Roofing Installations

R905.2.5 Fasteners for Asphalt Shingle Fasteners for asphalt shingles shall be galvanized steel, stainless steel, aluminum or copper roofing nails 12 gauge shank with minimum 3/8-inch diameter nail. Must penetrate the roofing a minimum of ¾-inch into the sheathing if ¾-inch or greater. Sheathing less than ¾-inch, nail must penetrate through ...

2020 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE, RESIDENTIAL, 7TH EDITION | ICC ...

Fasteners for asphalt shingles shall be galvanized steel, stainless steel, aluminum or copper roofing nails, minimum 12-gage [0.105 inch (3 mm)] shank with a minimum 3 / 8-inch-diameter (9.5 mm) head, complying with ASTM F1667, of a length to penetrate through the roofing materials and not less than 3 / 4 inch (19.1 mm) into the roof sheathing.

2020 FLORIDA BUILDING CODE, BUILDING, 7TH EDITION | ICC ...

Fasteners for asphalt shingles shall be galvanized, stainless steel, aluminum or copper roofing nails, minimum 12-gage [0.105 inch (2.67 mm)] shank with a minimum 3 / 8-inch-diameter (9.5 mm) head, of a length to penetrate through the roofing materials and a minimum of 3 / …

How to Lay Shingles: 11 Steps (with Pictures) - wikiHow

shingle manufacturer's installation requirements. If the spacing between boards is too large, a structural panel applied over the deck boards is required to be considered a solidly sheathed roof. Fasteners Fasteners for asphalt shingles must be galvanized steel, stainless steel, aluminum or copper roofing nails,

SUPREME SHINGLES - Owens Corning Roofing: Shingles ...

Six Nail Fastening Pattern: Use 6 fasteners. See Fig. 4A. Mansard or Steep Slope Fastening Pattern: REQUIRED: For slopes exceeding 60 degrees or 21 inches per foot, use 6 fasteners and 6 spots of asphalt roof cement per shingle. Apply immediately, one 1 inch diameter spot of asphalt roof cement under each corner shingle tab. Center asphalt roof ...

Guidelines for asphalt shingle roofing

shingle manufacturer's installation requirements. If the spacing between boards is too large, a structural panel applied over the deck boards is required to be considered a solidly sheathed roof. Fasteners Fasteners for asphalt shingles must be galvanized steel, stainless steel, aluminum or copper roofing nails,

PROPER NAILING – THREE TAB SHINGLES

6 nails per shingle placed as shown below. Ensure that no nail is within 2" of a joint of the underlying shingle. Seal down each shingle at time of application with three 1" diameter (approx. size and thickness of a quarter) spots of asphalt plastic cement placed under the shingle 2" above the bottom edge and equally spaced along the shingle.

CertainTeed Shingle Applicator's Manual Landmark Series 12

Use four nails for every full shingle as shown below. Figure 12-4: Use four nails for every full shingle. IMPORTANT: When "six nailing" a full shingle, follow the nail pattern shown in figure 12-5, nails can be placed in the 11⁄2" nailable area. STEEP SLOPE Use six nails and four spots of asphalt roofing cement for every full

How to Cut and Install Starter Shingles | DoItYourself.com

After the drip edge is installed, you should install a No. 15 asphalt saturated-felt underlayment over the roof's entire surface. Snapping off Shingle Tabs. To begin installing the first shingles on your roof, cut off the three tabs on the shingle. Using a utility knife, cut them off at the bottom of the adhesive strip.

Improper Shingle Nailing = Defective Shingle Installation ...

The other most common nailing defect that I find with asphalt shingles is improperly located nails; specifically, high nails. When shingles are located too low on a shingle…

North America's #1-selling shingle just got better!

Shingles to Timberline® HDZ™ Shingles on a 16-square roof deck using standard 4-nail nailing pattern under controlled laboratory conditions. Actual results may vary. 2 enov WyendPr 5a1r - i ™ limited wind warranty on Timberline® HDZ™ Shingles requires the …

Mastering Roof Inspections: Asphalt Composition Shingles ...

Typical 3-tab and laminate shingle installations require a total of four nails spaced evenly across the shingle. Other types of shingles, such as this heavy laminate, have similar requirements for normal wind. T-locks have different fastener placement requirements. High Wind Pattern . Some areas are designated as "high wind" by the local AHJ.

A Guide to Roofing Nails for Shingles: Nail Sizes & Types ...

However, as roofing nails will usually be hidden by the shingles above them, steel nails don't detract from the look of the roof. 3. Aluminum. Aluminum is a weaker metal than steel and copper. However, aluminum nails are still used on asphalt shingle roofing by some roofers.

SureNail® Technology | Owens Corning

The difference between a good shingle and a great shingle is having SureNail® Technology, only available from Owens Corning on Duration® Series Shingles. Patented SureNail® Technology features a wide, highly visible engineered fabric strip in the nailing area for a consistent, quality installation, and the unique product design provides ...

SPECIAL CARE IS NEEDED WHEN ROOFING IN COLD WEATHER ...

For a description of many important installation guidelines regarding asphalt shingles, a nailing pattern for high-wind areas, and manufacturers and associations that provide excellent ...

Shingle-Installation Patterns - Fine Homebuilding

The bad habit of skipping one fastener on every other shingle is called "cheat nailing," which can lead to shingle drooping (where one end of the shingle slips downward) and blowoffs. Another disadvantage of racking a roof is the zipper appearance that the pattern can display in the finished roof.

Code Requirements for Asphalt Shingles - Bay County, FL

1507.2.5 Asphalt shingles. Asphalt shingles shall have I self-seal strips or be interlocking and comply with ASTM I D225 or ASTM 03462. Shingles shall also comply with Table 1507.2.7.1. Asphalt shingle packaging shall bear labeling indicating compliance with one of the required classifications as shown in Table 1507.2.7.l. 1507.2.6 Fasteners.

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